How Do I Fix A Slow Laptop Windows 10: Ultimate Laptop Repair

Experiencing a sluggish Windows 10 laptop can be frustrating. Often, it leaves you wondering, “How do I fix a slow laptop Windows 10?” Fortunately, addressing this common dilemma involves straightforward solutions. In this guide, we delve into effective strategies to rejuvenate your laptop’s performance. Notably, a slow laptop can result from various factors, including overloaded startup processes, outdated systems, or malware infections. Firstly, a cluttered startup can significantly hamper your laptop’s speed. Programs launching at startup consume valuable resources, often leading to a sluggish experience right from the beginning. Secondly, operating system updates play a crucial role. Regular updates not only enhance performance but also fortify security. Additionally, malware, often overlooked, can drastically slow down your system while posing serious security risks. Our focus extends beyond the obvious. We also explore less known yet impactful methods like adjusting power settings, managing disk space, and optimizing Windows features. Each of these areas offers potential for significant speed improvements. Throughout this guide, we maintain a clear and concise approach. We ensure that solutions are presented in a straightforward manner, suitable for both tech-savvy users and beginners. Our goal is to empower you with the knowledge and tools to efficiently fix a slow laptop Windows 10, restoring your laptop’s performance to its optimal state. Let’s dive in and explore these solutions.

How Do I Fix A Slow Laptop Windows 10

1. Check Startup Impact

To fix a slow laptop Windows 10, assessing the startup impact is crucial. Start by opening Task Manager. You can do this by right-clicking the taskbar and selecting ‘Task Manager’, or by pressing ‘Ctrl + Shift + Esc’. Once opened, navigate to the ‘Startup’ tab. Here, you’ll see a list of programs that launch when your laptop starts. Each program has an impact rating: ‘None’, ‘Low’, ‘Medium’, or ‘High’. This rating reflects how much each program slows down the startup process. Begin by focusing on the ones marked ‘High’. Consider if these programs are essential for startup. Often, they are not.

Photo via softwareok

For instance, applications like Adobe Reader or Spotify might not need to run at startup. Disabling them can significantly boost your laptop’s startup speed. To disable an app, right-click it and select ‘Disable’. This won’t uninstall the program; it simply stops it from launching at startup. Remember, be judicious when choosing which apps to disable. Some, like antivirus software, are critical for your laptop’s security and should remain active. Moreover, periodically revisiting the Startup tab is a good practice. Software updates or new installations can add programs to startup without notice. Regular checks ensure you keep control over what runs at startup, maintaining a faster, more efficient system. By managing your startup programs, you are taking a significant step in resolving a slow laptop Windows 10 issue. This process is simple, yet it has a profound impact on your laptop’s performance.

2. Pause and Manage OneDrive Syncing

An often overlooked aspect when trying to fix a slow laptop Windows 10 is managing OneDrive syncing. OneDrive, a cloud storage service integrated into Windows, can impact system performance during file syncing. Especially when handling large files or syncing numerous files at once, OneDrive can consume significant system resources. The solution? Pause OneDrive syncing when you need more speed. Here’s how to do it: locate the OneDrive icon on the taskbar. It might be hidden, so you may need to click the arrow to show all icons. Right-click the OneDrive icon and select ‘Pause syncing’. You can choose to pause it for 2, 8, or 24 hours, depending on your needs.

Photo via ilovefreesoftware

If OneDrive consistently hampers your laptop’s performance, consider unlinking it from your computer. To do this, right-click the OneDrive icon in the taskbar again. Go to ‘Settings’, then under the ‘Account’ tab, select ‘Unlink this PC’. This action stops OneDrive from syncing to your device, but your files remain safe in the cloud. Remember, while OneDrive is useful for file backup and accessibility across devices, its impact on performance can be significant. Balancing its convenience with your laptop’s speed is key. By managing OneDrive’s syncing activity, you can take a meaningful step towards enhancing your laptop’s performance. Implementing these steps is straightforward and can greatly contribute to resolving the slow performance of your Windows 10 laptop. Managing OneDrive effectively ensures that your laptop’s resources are optimized for your most critical tasks.

3. Operating System Updates

Updating your operating system is a key step to fix a slow laptop Windows 10. Windows 10 is designed to update automatically, but it’s always a good idea to manually check for updates. These updates often include performance improvements and security patches essential for a smooth-running system. Firstly, press the Windows key + I to open Settings. Then, navigate to ‘Update & Security’. Here, you’ll find an option labeled ‘Windows Update’. Click on ‘Check for updates’. If there are any updates available, Windows will automatically download and install them.

Photo via windows12update

It’s important to keep in mind that some updates require a system restart. Make sure to save your work before proceeding with the update. Restarting may seem like a hassle, but it is crucial for the updates to take effect properly. Regularly updating your OS can significantly enhance your laptop’s performance. It ensures you are running the latest version of Windows, which is optimized for efficiency. Also, these updates can fix bugs that might be causing your system to slow down. In addition, updating drivers is equally important. Drivers are the software that allow your operating system to communicate with your laptop’s hardware. Outdated drivers can lead to performance issues. To update drivers, go to ‘Device Manager’ in the Control Panel, right-click on each device, and select ‘Update driver’. In summary, regularly checking for and installing Windows updates is a straightforward yet effective method to enhance the performance of your Windows 10 laptop. This proactive approach not only improves speed but also ensures your system is secure and up to date.

4. Malware Scans

A critical step to fix a slow laptop Windows 10 is running malware scans. Malware, short for malicious software, can significantly degrade your laptop’s performance. It can secretly run in the background, consuming resources and potentially compromising your data. First, ensure that you have reliable antivirus software installed. Windows 10 comes with Windows Defender, a solid option for basic protection. To run a scan, click the Start button and type ‘Windows Security’. Open the app and navigate to ‘Virus & threat protection’. Here, you’ll find an option to run a ‘Quick scan’. This scan checks the areas of your system most likely to contain malware. For a more thorough check, you can opt for a ‘Full scan’. This process is more time-consuming but scans your entire system. If your laptop is significantly slow, a full scan can help identify deeply embedded malware. Additionally, consider using a trusted third-party antivirus for added protection. These tools often provide more advanced features, like real-time scanning and more comprehensive malware databases. They can catch threats that Windows Defender might miss. Importantly, keep your antivirus software updated. Updates include the latest malware definitions, ensuring your scans detect new threats. Also, practice safe browsing habits. Avoid clicking on suspicious links or downloading files from unreliable sources. These actions can prevent malware from infecting your system in the first place. Running regular malware scans is an effective way to maintain your laptop’s health. It’s not just about fixing a slow system; it’s also about protecting your sensitive information. By staying vigilant with these scans, you can significantly improve your laptop’s performance and security.

5. Defragmentation of Hard Drive

Defragmenting the hard drive is an essential step to fix a slow laptop Windows 10, especially for traditional hard disk drives (HDDs). Over time, files get fragmented, meaning their parts are scattered across the disk. This fragmentation causes the hard drive to work harder, slowing down your laptop. To start defragmenting, type ‘Defragment’ into the Windows search bar. Select the ‘Defragment and Optimize Drives’ tool. Here, you’ll see a list of your drives. Choose the HDD (if your laptop has one) and click ‘Analyze’. This process will check the level of fragmentation. If the result is above 5-10%, proceed to defragment the drive by clicking ‘Optimize’. It’s important to note that if your laptop has a solid-state drive (SSD), you should not defragment it. SSDs work differently and don’t benefit from defragmentation. In fact, doing so can reduce their lifespan. Windows 10 is set to automatically defragment HDDs on a weekly basis. However, manually checking and optimizing can be beneficial, especially if your laptop is noticeably slow. Keep in mind that the defragmentation process can take some time, depending on the size of the drive and the degree of fragmentation. By regularly defragmenting your HDD, you can maintain the efficiency of your laptop. This process helps in organizing data more effectively, ensuring faster access to files and overall improved performance of your Windows 10 laptop. Remember, keeping your hardware in good shape is key to the smooth functioning of your system.

6. Adjust Power Options

Adjusting power options is a straightforward yet effective method to fix a slow laptop Windows 10. Windows laptops typically operate on a ‘Balanced’ power plan, which balances performance with energy efficiency. However, this setting might not utilize the full potential of your laptop, leading to slower performance.To optimize power settings for better performance, right-click the battery icon in the taskbar. Select ‘Power Options’. Here, you’ll see different plans like ‘Balanced’, ‘Power saver’, and ‘High performance’. Choose ‘High performance’ to maximize your laptop’s speed. This mode uses more energy but significantly enhances performance, especially for demanding tasks. Alternatively, for a more tailored approach, consider creating a custom power plan. Go to Control Panel > Hardware and Sound > Power Options > Create a power plan. Start with an existing plan and customize it to suit your needs. Here, you can adjust settings like display brightness and sleep mode. While these changes might seem minor, they can collectively impact your laptop’s speed. Be mindful that the ‘High performance’ mode drains battery faster. It’s ideal for when you have easy access to a power source. If you’re on the go, switching back to ‘Balanced’ or ‘Power saver’ can conserve battery life. In conclusion, effectively managing your power settings is a key component in optimizing your Windows 10 laptop’s performance. Simple adjustments can yield significant improvements, allowing your laptop to operate at its best. Regularly review these settings to ensure they align with your current usage patterns and power availability.

7. Uninstall Unused Programs

Uninstalling unused programs is an effective way to fix a slow laptop Windows 10. Many laptops accumulate a variety of programs over time, some of which are rarely, if ever, used. These programs not only take up valuable disk space but can also consume system resources, leading to slower performance. To begin, access the Control Panel on your Windows 10 laptop. Navigate to ‘Programs’ and then to ‘Uninstall a program’. Here, you’ll find a list of all the programs installed on your laptop. Take a moment to review this list. Identify programs that you no longer use or need. When selecting a program to uninstall, consider its purpose and how often you use it. If it’s a program you haven’t used in months or one that came pre-installed but is unnecessary for you, it’s likely a good candidate for removal. To uninstall, simply right-click on the program and select ‘Uninstall’. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the process. A handy tip is to also consider alternatives to large, resource-heavy programs. For example, instead of a full-fledged photo editing software, a lighter, web-based tool might suffice for occasional use. This approach helps keep your laptop lean and more efficient. Remember, the goal here is not just to free up disk space, but also to reduce the burden on your system’s resources. By regularly auditing and removing unused software, you can significantly improve your laptop’s performance. This practice keeps your system focused on the tools you need and use, ensuring a faster, more responsive experience.

8. Manage Windows Features

To fix a slow laptop Windows 10, managing built-in Windows features is key. Windows 10 includes various features and services, some of which you might never use. These can unnecessarily consume system resources, leading to slower performance. Start by accessing the Control Panel. Navigate to ‘Programs’ and then select ‘Turn Windows features on or off’. This action opens a list of Windows features installed on your system. Here, you can review and modify which features are active. Carefully go through the list. Research each feature you’re unfamiliar with before deciding to turn it off. Turning off essential features can affect system functionality. For example, if you don’t use Internet Information Services (IIS) for hosting websites, you can safely turn it off. Similarly, if you never use Windows PowerShell 2.0, you might consider disabling it. However, be cautious with features related to security and system stability. For instance, components like Microsoft .NET Framework are crucial for the running of many applications and should generally be left enabled. Moreover, remember that less is often more when it comes to running a lean, efficient system. By turning off unnecessary features, you free up resources, allowing your laptop to perform better. Regularly reviewing and adjusting these features can make a noticeable difference in your laptop’s performance. This proactive approach ensures that your Windows 10 laptop is not bogged down by unnecessary features, contributing to a smoother, faster user experience.

9. Disk Cleanup for Removing Junk Files

Using Disk Cleanup to remove junk files is a powerful method to fix a slow laptop Windows 10. Over time, your laptop accumulates temporary files, system logs, and other unnecessary data that can clutter and slow down your system. Begin by typing ‘Disk Cleanup’ in the Windows search bar. Select the Disk Cleanup utility. It will prompt you to choose a drive to clean up. Typically, the C: drive is where your operating system and most of your files are stored. Select it and click ‘OK’. Disk Cleanup will then calculate how much space you can free up. In the Disk Cleanup dialog box, you’ll see a variety of file types. These include temporary Internet files, system error memory dump files, and temporary files. Review the list and select the types of files you want to delete. Disk Cleanup provides a description for each file type, helping you make an informed decision. For a deeper clean, click on ‘Clean up system files’. This option allows you to remove more significant files like old Windows installations, if available. These can take up substantial space but aren’t needed if your current system is running smoothly. Finally, click ‘OK’ and then ‘Delete Files’ to confirm. The utility will start cleaning up the selected files, which can take several minutes depending on the amount of data. Regular use of Disk Cleanup can significantly improve your laptop’s performance. It frees up disk space, allowing your system to run more efficiently. This simple yet effective tool plays a vital role in maintaining your Windows 10 laptop’s health, ensuring it stays fast and responsive.

10. Use ReadyBoost to Speed Up Disk Caching

ReadyBoost is a unique feature in Windows 10 that can help fix a slow laptop by speeding up disk caching. This tool is especially useful if your laptop has a traditional hard disk drive (HDD) rather than a solid-state drive (SSD).To use ReadyBoost, insert a USB flash drive or an SD card into your laptop. The device should have at least as much free space as your laptop has RAM, and it should be fast enough to improve your system speed. Once inserted, open File Explorer, right-click on the USB or SD card, and select ‘Properties’. Navigate to the ‘ReadyBoost’ tab in the Properties window. If your device is suitable for ReadyBoost, you’ll see an option to ‘Use this device’. You can choose how much space to use for speeding up your system. Windows will then use this space as an additional cache, which can speed up file access and, consequently, your overall system performance. It’s important to note that if you have an SSD, ReadyBoost may not offer additional speed benefits. SSDs are already fast and using ReadyBoost on them might not result in noticeable improvements. When setting up ReadyBoost, remember that it’s not a replacement for adding more RAM, but it can be a cost-effective way to boost performance on systems with limited RAM and slower hard drives. By efficiently managing your disk caching with ReadyBoost, you can take an important step toward improving your laptop’s responsiveness and speed.

11. Disable Windows Tips and Tricks

Disabling Windows tips and tricks is a lesser-known yet effective way to fix a slow laptop Windows 10. These tips, while helpful for new users, can consume system resources and slow down your laptop. Turning them off is a simple process that can result in a smoother, faster computing experience. To disable these tips, first, open the ‘Settings’ app by clicking the Start button and selecting the gear icon. In Settings, navigate to ‘System’ and then ‘Notifications & actions’. Here, you’ll find various notification options. Look for the option that says ‘Get tips, tricks, and suggestions as you use Windows’ and turn it off. This action stops Windows from automatically displaying helpful tips about using the system. While these tips can be informative, they often pop up at inconvenient times and use up resources that could be better allocated elsewhere. By turning off this feature, you free up those resources, allowing your laptop to run more efficiently. It’s a small change, but it can make a noticeable difference in the performance of a slow laptop. In addition to disabling tips and tricks, take a moment to review other notification settings. Disabling unnecessary notifications can further reduce distractions and free up resources, contributing to a more efficient and faster laptop. Regularly managing these settings is part of maintaining an optimized Windows 10 laptop. Small adjustments, like disabling tips and tricks, can collectively enhance your laptop’s performance, ensuring a smoother user experience.


In conclusion, addressing a slow laptop Windows 10 is not only about immediate fixes but also about ongoing maintenance. The strategies we’ve discussed, from managing startup programs to optimizing power settings, play a crucial role. They not only rejuvenate your laptop’s performance but also enhance its overall efficiency. Remember, regular maintenance is key. Regularly updating your operating system, performing disk cleanups, and running malware scans are essential practices. They ensure your laptop remains fast and secure. Similarly, managing features like OneDrive syncing and Windows tips can significantly improve system responsiveness. Defragmenting your hard drive and using tools like ReadyBoost are also valuable for traditional HDDs. These steps help in organizing data more efficiently, leading to faster access and better performance. Most importantly, the approach to fix a slow laptop Windows 10 should be holistic. It’s not just about one-time fixes but about adopting habits that ensure long-term health and performance of your laptop. With these steps, you can not only fix current issues but also prevent future ones, keeping your Windows 10 laptop running smoothly for years to come. In essence, taking care of your Windows 10 laptop involves a combination of smart practices and regular check-ups. By following these guidelines, you’re not just solving immediate problems but also investing in your laptop’s long-term performance and reliability.

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If you’re facing challenges with your laptop or computer that seem beyond DIY solutions, consider reaching out to Volta PC Upgrade & Repair. They specialize in a wide range of services, including laptop repair, desktop repair, Macbook repair, etc. Whether you need a performance boost, more storage, or a fix for a persistent issue, their team of experts can provide professional assistance. Don’t let a slow or malfunctioning device hinder your productivity or entertainment. Contact Volta PC Upgrade & Repair for reliable and efficient service solutions.

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